The Caribbean Financial Action Task Force is an organisation of twenty-five (25) states of the Caribbean Basin, Central and South America, which have agreed to implement common countermeasures to address money laundering. It was established as a result of meetings convened in Aruba in May 1990 and Jamaica in November 1992.
In Aruba, representatives of Western Hemisphere countries, in particular from the Caribbean and Central America, convened to develop a common approach to the phenomenon of the laundering of the proceeds of crime. Nineteen recommendations constituting this common approach were formulated. These
recommendations, which have specific relevance to the Region were complementary to the original forty recommendations of the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) established by the Group of Seven at the 1989 Paris Summit.
The Jamaica Ministerial Meeting was held in Kingston in November 1992. Ministers issued the Kingston Declaration in which they endorsed and affirmed their governments’ commitment to implement the FATF and CFATF Recommendations, the OAS Model Regulations and the 1988 UN Convention. They also mandated the establishment of the Secretariat to co-ordinate the implementation of these objectives by CFATF member countries.
The main objective of the CFATF is to achieve effective implementation of, and compliance with, the FATF recommendations to prevent and control money laundering and to counter the financing of terrorism and proliferation of weapons.
The Secretariat has been established as a mechanism to monitor and encourage progress to ensure full implementation of the Kingston Ministerial Declaration and is presently hosted by the Government of Trinidad and Tobago. The CFATF Membership includes the following:
1. Antigua and Barbuda
4. Bahamas, The
8. British Virgin Islands, The
9. Cayman Islands, The
12. El Salvador
15. Republic of Haiti
18. St. Kitts and Nevis
19. St. Lucia
20. St. Maarten
21. St. Vincent and the Grenadines
23. The Turks and Caicos Islands
24. Trinidad and Tobago and
The Cooperating and Supporting Nations (COSUNs) are members of the FATF and as such are committed to the 1988 UN Convention Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances and to the implementation of the 40 FATF Recommendations concerning anti-money laundering measures.
COSUN countries include:
4. The Kingdom of the Netherlands
6. The United Kingdom and
7. The United States of America.
These nations recognise the relationship between the work and objectives of both the FATF and the CFATF.
Accordingly, they are committed to making such contributions to the work and/or resources of the CFATF as permitted by their respective national laws and policies.
The CFATF Secretariat undertakes the following activities on behalf of the CFATF membership:
• An ongoing programme of the Mutual Evaluation of Members.
• Co-ordination of, and participation in, training and technical assistance programmes.
• Bi-annual plenary meetings for technical representatives.
• Annual Ministerial Meetings.
Additionally, since February 1996, the CFATF has been conducting a number of money laundering typology exercises in collaboration with the FATF and other FSRBs with a view to increasing awareness of the attendant risks to the region. These exercises allow for the sharing of information collated by various bodies involved in combating of money laundering and terrorist financing.
The CFATF Secretariat also works closely with many international organisations, some of which include:
• The World Bank (WB)
• The International Monetary Fund (IMF)
• The Caribbean Development Bank (CDB)
• The Commonwealth Secretariat
• The Eastern Caribbean Central Bank (ECCB)
• The Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) and
• United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC).